结构光技术——原理及其应用

本文为我的写作与沟通课程期末长文终稿,主要介绍结构光原理及其应用

由于可能的版权问题,此文保留一切权利

Abstract

结构光技术是一种非接触式的、高精度的三维测量技术。通过一个投影装置投射出特定的图案,摄像机拍摄并识别这个图案,可以对被拍摄的物体的表面三维情况进行测量。本文对结构光技术的原理和应用进行了综合的考察。首先,我们考察了结构光的投影图案的分类和主流的编码技术,并简述了不可见结构光的光源的原理。然后,我们考虑了一些类似的非接触式三维测量技术,包括 ToF 技术和双目视觉技术,对比了这些技术的优劣。最后,我们展示了结构光在消费电子、医学和工业等领域的许多应用。

Table of content

  • 引论
  • 编码原理
    • 直接编码
    • 时序编码
    • 空间编码
  • 不可见结构光
  • 和其它三维测量技术的比较
  • 应用前景
    • 消费电子产品
    • 医学
    • 工业
  • 结论

Document

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